1. Existential Crisis of the Criminal 1971.pdf 

This paper was written in 1971, 2 years after I started working at Auburn Correctional Facility. With no formal education about prisons, prisoners or anything to do with the prison system, I went to the library at my Alma Mater, the University of Rochester; the Seymour Library, Auburn's community library and read everything I could find in the New York Times and other magazines. I listened to the prisoners with whom I taught, the other teachers with whom I worked and the correctional officers who guarded  us all. Luckily the late 1960's and early 1970's was a period when prison issues and issues of justice were much in the news. This paper pulls together my thinking about what I was observing and learning about the men whom I taught.

 2. Lombardo Learning Corrections.pdf

This article was written for the book, Experiencing Corrections: From Practioner to Professor, edited by Michael Johnson. (Sage, 2011). http://www.sagepub.com/books/Book235159. This article describes some of my early prison experiences (1969-1972)and the materials I read that helped me make sense of these experiences.

3. Lombardo - Attica Remembered.pdf

This article was written in rememberance of the 25th anniversary of the events at Attica Prison. Attica took place 2 years after I started teaching at Auburn Prison in 1969. I often discussed Attica with friends and one suggested that I do a presentation for our Old Dominion University community. This paper is a response to that request.

4. Lombardo - Stress Change and Collective Violence in Prison.pdf

This paper was originally published in a collection put together by Hans Toch and Robert Johnson. The Pains of Imprisonment (Waveland, 1988). The paper provides a way for understanding how change in prison affects the dynamics of social interaction resulting in collective violence. A riot at Auburn Prison in 1970 (a year after I started my connections with prison) and and the Attica riot of 1971 where two examples of "collective violence" I sought to understand as I worked on this paper. The paper was republised in Michael Braswell, Reid Montromery and Lucien Lombardo's 2nd edition of Prison Violence in America published by Anderson Publishers in 1998.

5. Collective Violence In Prisons - Psychosocial Dimensions and Ritualistic Transformations.pdf

6. Prisonography - Sources of Knowledge about Prisons.pdf

This paper was written for a collection edited by Sean O'Toole and Simon Eyland of Australia and published by Federation Press in 2008. It serves as a pedagogical tool to help those studying correctional institutions and corrections critically analyze differences in sources of knowledge about this poitically charged institution.

7. Jail Officer Training Web.pdf

This paper draws lessons for the development of training programs for officers in jails and prisons. It integrates information gained from training programs conducted with correctrional officers in the New York City and New Jersey Correctional Systems. Lessons form these training experiences are linked to literature on correctional officer training.  

8. Lombardo - Pen and the Pendelum.pdf

This article written in 1994 makes predictions about the state of correctional institutions (the 'pen') in 2010. It was written for the collection CRIME AND JUSTICE IN THE YEAR 2010 (1995) edited by John Klofas and Stan Stojkovic (Belmont, CA: Brooks Cole). The article develops through an analysis of a dialectic of correctional change based in 200 years of correctional history, an analysis of contemporary forces driving both stability and change in correctional institutions. Based on this understanding a number of predictions are made on what might be happening in correctional institions in 2010. Graduate students have often used this article for an analysis of the accuracy of the predictions.

9. Group Dynamics and CO Subculture 1985.pdf

This article explores the notion that the correctional officer subculture is an impedement to "positive behaviors" that help inmates. Analyzing the correctional officer subculture through the lens of "group dynamics" finds that it is not necessarily a hinderencw to positive role behaviors, however, under conditions of stress, the negative aspects of the subculture can emerge.

10. Lombardo, Mental Health Work in Prisons and Jails 1985.pdf

This article describes how correctional officers play a dynamic role in reducing inmate mental health problems associated with the conditions of confinement.